Working Papers, vehicles for disseminating information on a range of topics related to the world of work and the evolution of social and labour policies and practices for a given sector, are regularly published and widely disseminated. Background reports and issues papers, which provide more in-depth analysis on specific issues, are also published for discussion at international tripartite meetings and global dialogue fora.


The Sectoral Policies Department is the ILO’s repository of knowledge on sector-specific labour and social issues. Research and studies conducted, in line with the ILO’s research policies, deal with emerging and priority issues of strong interest for ILO’s sectoral constituents.


  1. Transforming the teaching profession

    Recommendations and summary of deliberations of the United Nations Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on the Teaching Profession (2024)

    23 February 2024

    This document presents the Recommendations of the United Nations Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on the Teaching Profession and a summary of its deliberations, which drew on the Panel members’ personal expertise, relevant literature and the preparatory work of the Transforming Education Summit, in particular action track 3 on teachers, teaching and the teaching profession.


  1. Publication

    Methodological Guide for the Participatory Development of a Law on the Status of the Artist

    19 November 2023

  2. Publication

    Universal Postal Union - State of the Postal Sector 2023

    13 October 2023

    A Hyper-Collaborative Path to Postal Development

  3. Publication

    A Compendium of the ILO’s work in the Postal and telecommunications services sector

    13 October 2023

  4. Publication

    Decent and sustainable work in the inland waterways sector

    12 October 2023

    Report for the Technical Meeting on Decent and Sustainable Work in the Inland Waterways Sector (Geneva, 20–24 November 2023)

  5. Publication

    The ILO’s tripartite work in the railways sector - Railways compendium (1939-2021)

    04 September 2023

    This document presents a compendium of the International Labour Organization (ILO)’s tripartite work in the railways sector from 1947 to present. It includes conclusions and resolutions adopted by the Inland Transport Committee, and outcomes of technical meetings and preparatory meetings.

  6. Publication

    Statistical profile of the wholesale and retail trade sector

    01 September 2023

  7. Publication

    What labour force survey data can tell us about the workforce in the health and social care sector

    01 September 2023

    The present report describes the results of a special analysis of data from the Labour Force Surveys (LFS) of 56 countries which provided data about health and social care workers in sufficient detail to distinguish between different occupational groups within the workforce. The report covers analyses for 29 countries in Europe and 27 from other regions of the world.

  8. Publication

    Health sector investment impacts on employment and economic growth: A panel ARDL analysis in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)

    01 September 2023

  9. Publication

    Teaching and the teaching profession in a digital world – Bosnia and Herzegovina

    29 August 2023

    The background paper analyzes the experiences, challenges and good practices of digital technology in teaching and education in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in order to examine the problems and ways of guaranteeing equitable access to quality digital services.