Publications on Collective bargaining and labour relations


  1. Governance and Tripartism Department

    Access to labour justice: Comparative law and practice on labour disputes prevention and resolution

    12 December 2023

    The report highlights the commonalities and differences across the legal and regulatory, institutional and procedural frameworks governing dispute prevention and resolution mechanisms in the countries under study.

  2. Country Baselines

    2022 Annual Review under the follow-up to the ILO 1998 Declaration - Compilation of baseline tables, by country

    23 June 2023

    (based on the reports of Member States that have not ratified all fundamental Conventions and/or that have not ratified the Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930)

  3. Labour migration

    Migrant workers’ rights to freedom of association and collective bargaining

    01 June 2023

    Freedom of association and collective bargaining (FACB) are fundamental rights of universal scope that should apply to all workers – including migrant workers. The new ILO Report describes the special challenges migrants face in enjoying these rights, clarifies the expectations from international instruments, supports efforts to fine-tune laws and regulations, and provides advice on how to overcome common practical obstacles to the full enjoyment of FACB’s rights by migrant workers.

  4. Labour migration

    Executive summary: migrant workers’ rights to freedom of association and collective bargaining

    01 June 2023

    This executive summary outlines the key findings of the report on migrant workers’ rights to freedom of association and collective bargaining.

  5. Publication

    A Review of Wage Setting through Collective Bargaining

    30 May 2023

  6. Governance and Tripartism Department

    Access to labour justice: A diagnostic tool for self-assessing the effectiveness of labour dispute prevention and resolution

    28 February 2023

    The ILO developed a diagnostic tool for the self-assessment of the functioning of judicial and non-judicial institutions for dispute prevention and resolution to help governments and social partners to get a common understanding of the current situation, identify potential opportunities and challenges, and jointly devise measures to address them.

  7. Factsheet

    Access to labour justice in collective labour disputes: Evidence from the updated IRLex database

    22 February 2023

    Collective labour disputes are an inevitable feature of the world of work and efficient, fair and accessible systems for the resolution of such disputes are an essential element of a well-functioning industrial relations system. The notion of access to labour justice encompasses judicial and non-judicial mechanisms and institutions dealing with the prevention and resolution of individual and collective labour disputes. This IRLex factsheets provides a comparative overview of legislation regulating mechanisms for the resolution of collective labour disputes of judicial, quasi-judicial and extrajudicial nature. Furthermore, it provides an overview of bipartite processes as well as of processes of third-party intervention and of the role that labour inspectorates and enforcement agencies play in securing effective access to justice.

  8. Factsheet

    Protection against acts of interference for employers' and workers' organizations: Evidence from the updated IRLex database

    20 February 2023

    Acts of interference can take many forms and may impact differently on workers’ and employers’ organizations and on their free and independent creation and functioning. International Labour Standards protect employers’ and workers’ organizations against interference both by each other and by the public authorities. This IRLex factsheet provides an overview of how protection against acts of interference is regulated by relevant ILO Conventions and applied in practice through the ILO supervisory system as well as a comparative analysis of how different legal systems provide protection against such acts and ensure its effective enforcement in practice.

  9. ILO Working paper 86

    Negotiations by workers in the informal economy

    04 January 2023

    This paper provides empirical evidence from Africa, Asia and the Americas on negotiations and collective bargaining by workers in the informal economy.


  1. Factsheet

    Protection against acts of anti-union discrimination: Evidence from the updated IRLex database

    25 November 2022

    Anti-union discrimination is one of the most serious violations of freedom of association, as it may jeopardize the very existence of trade unions. This IRLex factsheet provides a summary of the International Labour Standards protecting workers against acts of anti-union discrimination as well as a comparative overview of how different legal system around the world seek to regulate it and ensure its effective protection.